# [PDF] The Math of Life and Death: 7 Mathematical Principles That Shape Our Lives By Kit Yates – New-books.run

A Brilliant And Entertaining Mathematician Illuminates Seven Mathematical Principles That Shape Our Lives Kit Yates Shows How Our Private And Social Lives Are Suffused By Mathematics Ignorance May Bring Tragedy Or Farce This Is An Exquisitely Interesting Book It S A Deeply Serious One Too And, For Those Like Me Who Have Little Math, It S Delightfully Readable Ian McEwan, Author Of Atonement Kit Yates Is A Natural Storyteller Through Fascinating Stories And Examples, He Shows How Maths Is The Beating Heart Of So Much Of Modern Life An Exciting New Voice In The World Of Science Communication Marcus Du Sautoy, Author Of The Music Of The PrimesFrom Birthdays And Birth Rates To How We Perceive The Passing Of Time, To Overpopulation, The Spread Of Disease, And Freak Accidents, Math Underpins Every Aspect Of Our Lives From Cradle To Grave Many Of Us Are Aware Of This, At Least Through High School, But Few Of Us Really Appreciate The Full Power Of Math At Work In Every Office, Home, Court Room, And Hospital Ward In This Eye Opening And Extraordinary Book, Mathematical Biologist Kit Yates Explores True Stories Of Life Changing Events In Which The Application Or Misapplication Of Math Has Played A Critical Role Within Each Chapter, Kit Yates Takes Us On A Brilliant Tour Of Light Hearted, Simple Everyday Situations To Serious, Grand Scale Applications Of Seven Mathematical Concepts, Including Exponential Growth And Decay, Optimization, Statistics And Probability, And Number Systems At Every Turn, He Reveals The Mathematical Undersides Of Controversies Over DNA Testing, Medical Screening Results, And Events Like The Chernobyl Disaster And The Amanda Knox Trial Readers Will Finish This Book With An Enlightened Perspective And A Tighter Grasp On The Hidden Intricacies Of The World Around Them And Will Be Better Equipped To Make Personal Decisions With Math In Mind, Everything From Finding The Best Seat On The Train To Halting The Spread Of A Deadly Disease

- Hardcover
- 288 pages
- The Math of Life and Death: 7 Mathematical Principles That Shape Our Lives
- Kit Yates
- 22 April 2019 Kit Yates
- 1982111879

My problem with books on mathematics is never remembering the formulas, even from one chapter to the next OK, and being bored with them is a factor too Kit Yates solved these problems by not using any formulas, or even much math in his delightful when not frightening The Math of Life and Death His secret is really simple he tells stories The result is always engaging, often infuriating and sometimes horrifying We defy the math at our peril.Using examples from the news, such as epidemics My problem with books on mathematics is never remembering the formulas, even from one chapter to the next OK, and being bored with them is a factor too Kit Yates solved these problems by not using any formulas, or even much math in his delightful when not frightening The Math of Life and Death His secret is really simple he tells stories The result is always engaging, often infuriating and sometimes horrifying We defy the math at our peril.Using examples from the news, such as epidemics or murder investigations, Yates shows what underlies the events the basic numbers that anyone can see do or do not add up.The whole strength of The Math of Life and Death is the power of true events Yates recognizes their value, and provides the background facts that fit with numbers that prove a point In the hot new service of gene sequencing, he shows clearly how our assumption about identifying people by DNA samples can go wrong badly enough to incarcerate the wrong person In his own case, 23andMe gave him a death sentence through a wrong interpretation of his genes He proved it to his great relief with other such services and went back to show just how the numbers can lead analysis astray Sloppy math is hard to prove, but can ruin lives.He shows that something as unmathematical as algae needs an understanding of math An algal bloom doubles in size every day, until it covers a lake in 30 days If you see the lake is half covered, how long do you think it will take for it to be covered completely Most would calculate numerous days, based on when the algae first appeared and had reached the halfway point, but the correct answer is oneday Mistakes like this lead planes to crash, which Yates also shows in painful detail.Doctors are forever misinterpreting test results, giving patients false death sentences or false reassurances Yates gives the example of breast cancer tests, by which doctors seem to predict nine out of every two cases of breast cancer in women The numbers are pretty stark With false positives from tests, 981 women out of a random 10,000 will be told that they have breast cancer But of those, only 90 will actually have it Ninety out of ten thousand ie nine per thousand is not the pandemic plague that should cause panicked fear in women, but that s how doctors present it when they are surveyed Given multiple choice questions, doctors fare far worse than if they had chosen random answers They are prejudiced in the false direction They have the facts and the numbers wrong The result is needless surgery, needless chemotherapy, and much pointless suffering.There is a horrifying chapter on legal ignorance as well So called expert witnesses bamboozle judges, juries and opposing lawyers with mumbo jumbo that no one challenges, because they don t understand what was said They just pick out a major conclusion from what they heard, and accept it as true and significant The result is wrongful convictions In the major case cited, a young mother went to prison for murdering her first two children, because an expert incorrectly claimed the chances of two children from the same family dying from Sudden Infant Death Syndrome SIDS was one in 73 million He made up the number himself That s all the jury needed to know It didn t matter that the expert was wrong about the odds, or even that the children didn t really die of SIDS The number was so overwhelming, the decision was easy to make she had to be guilty as charged In upholding the conviction, the appeals court said no one would be fooled by such a wild claim.This is the same principle that guides media claims, and why so few trust the media anyShopping for statistics and angles, reporters hone in on some startling number, and taking it out of context, draw conclusions that it doesn t merit, or maybe worse, just leaving it there to fester in the imagination of people with no other facts to weigh Absent those facts, the population divides into believers and non believers, everextreme in their positions It is no wonder that a Boris Johnson can lie about the massive amounts of cash sent to the European Union, and even when the lie is pointed out, it continues to be the foundation for leaving the union The result has been utter chaos in a farcical government So while it s critical to have the numbers behind the claims, few do Worse, fewer can master them, and a select group will manipulate them to their own advantage.Yates also tackles algorithms, epidemics, and antivaxxers The antivaxxers rely on a single, tiny, invalid and misinterpreted study by a since defrocked doctor, where he claimed to show that vaccinations cause autism They don t, as Yates relates clearly and concisely Nonetheless, the news traveled from Britain the USA, where it has become gospel to millions who have no need of the facts They accept the headline as all they need to know The result is a resurgence of diseases long thought banished, with thousands suffering needlessly Perversely, parents even mail licked lollipops to each other, sochildren can be infected They believe the false headline, and are ignorant of the death and disfiguration rates from these so called rites of passage diseases It is craziness squared, because the numbers were cooked and won out over the facts.The Math of Life and Death is an endlessly diverting, pleasing, engaging and horrifying look at how lives are affected by the math It is math in very human terms, and Yates excels at making it plain And you don t even have to do the math to see it.David Wineberg

No Formulas Just Numb3rs In this book about how math shapes our lives, British math professor Yates doesn t take us into the algebra, geometry, and even trigonometry that we all use daily whether we realize it or not Instead, he takes an approach similar to the now decade old US television show Numb3rs, starring David Krumholtz and Rob Morrow, wherein he shows applications of higher level mathematics in fields such as epidemiology, medicine, law, journalism, elections, and several others Y No Formulas Just Numb3rs In this book about how math shapes our lives, British math professor Yates doesn t take us into the algebra, geometry, and even trigonometry that we all use daily whether we realize it or not Instead, he takes an approach similar to the now decade old US television show Numb3rs, starring David Krumholtz and Rob Morrow, wherein he shows applications of higher level mathematics in fields such as epidemiology, medicine, law, journalism, elections, and several others Yates cites real world examples including unjust convictions and Ebola outbreaks and many others to show how math was used incorrectly and what the math actually showed in that situation, to help the reader begin to get an overall sense of math without getting bogged down in the technical calculations Truly an excellent book for even thearithmophobic among us, as it shows the numbers all around us and explains how we can have a better sense of them.Disclaimers 1 I LOVED Numb3rs back in the day and would still be watching it if it were still on the air 2 I have a computer science degree and very nearly got secondary mathematics education and mathematics bachelors degrees at the same time as my CS one so obviously I m a bitattuned to math than others